Black tea introduction
The black tea plantation in the high mountainous are of Mudeungsan, which was called the mountain of the mothers which was called a mountain without grades for its round and virtuous appearance, is located in the perfect tea garden with soil composed of micaceous leaf mold, where in the morning, the mists of the mountains pass and by day, the warm sunlight of the south create harmony. Black tea which is produced through an arduous selection process of handpicking new sprouts that withstood the snow of winter every April and May, is managed scientifically and has an earthy taste but also smooth fragrance. Mudeungsan Black tea of the current day can be traced back to Heo Baekryun, the master of Namjong paintings who founded Gwangju agricultural vocational high school in 1946 as a part of the rural revival movement after independence and founded a tea plantation called Samedawon (三愛茶園) by taking over the tea garden. From the verse (A taste of a cup of black tea was better than that of any food) of the poem Ilguchunsulseungjae (一歐春雪勝醍醐), by Na Daekyung of the Song Dynasty, the name ‘Chunsul’ was derived, and the green tea supply movement by master Heo Baekryun widely spread the awareness of the forgotten Korean tea culture and unique tea ceremony to contribute to healthy national mentality.
- Classification : Processed foods (Gwangju specialties and traditional food designation)
- Representative : Heo Daljae (☎ 062) 222 – 3277)
- Tea garden location : Gwangju Dong-gu Ullim-dong 56(At the foot of Mudeungsan, near the entrance of Jeungsimsa)
- Tea factory : Gwangju Dong-gu Ullim-dong 875
- Annual production : 2,000kg per year
Product Type: Leaf tea, tea bag, powdered tea
- Shinpum : Tea made from very young tea leaves harvested before Kogu (April 20~21)
- Myopum : Tea leaves like the shape of the tongue of sparrows, also called "Jaksul"
- Neungpum : A tea made from leaves that have grown a little after the first day of summer
- Effects : Fatigue recovery, diabetes improvement, skin beauty, metabolism promotion etc.
- Chunsul Tea Garden ☎ 062) 236 – 6986 , 070-7792-0020
- Yeonjinhoe Art Museum ☎ 062) 222 – 3277, 228- 7385
- Website http://chunsul.co.kr/shop
Origin of green tea
The green tea tree is a kind of camellia which is know to originate from ancient China and India. In Samguksagi (三國史記), there is a record of the tea planted in Korea from seed brought from China since the time of Queen Seondeok of Silla Dynasty (632 ~ 647). In the third year of King Heung-deok (828), there is a record of planting tea seeds brought from China in large quantities through the generations, and according to the records of the King Sejong of the Joseon Dynasty, there is history of offering key from each gun and hyeon of various provinces, and looking at the range, there are records that the tea was produced and offered from 28 gun of Cholla province, and 8 gun of Gyeongsang province. Our traditional tea, which had descended from the Three Kingdoms period, began to spread through ambassador Kim Daeryum of Silla spreading tea seeds on Jirisan, and since the Goryeo Dynasty, tea was widely used for feasts and ancestral rites. During the Chosun Dynasty, Dasan Jeong Yak-yong, grew tea on his Exile in Gangjin. The Record of the culture was established through <Dongdasong(東茶頌)> and <Dashinjeon(茶神傳)> written by Chouiseonsa of Haenam Daedunsa Iljiam during the late Chosun dynasty, and in the modern day, tea culture was widely spread by Hyodang Choi Beomsool and, monk Eungsong, and Uijae Heo Baekryun.
Green tea cultivation condition
Due to the nature of the tea, it is a special crop cultivated in sub-tropical climate south of latitude 35 °, and because of its characteristic where it freezes to death under – 15 ° C, it is distributed in the southern part of Ulsan in Gyeongnam, part of the southern coast of Byeonsan Peninsula in Jeonbuk, Gwangju, Chonnam and Jeju. The tea fields are mainly face east or south, and it needs drainage and ventilation, as well as soil with micaceous leaf mold, and also it needs to be an ideal area with large temperature range where the morning mist passes. We can see from the records that the production of green tea from Mudeungsan in 1911 is more than the output from the whole country's green tea production, and this shows that the area Mudeungsan Black tea grows is the ideal tea plantation region based on geography and surrounding climate.